Hard landscaping Print

Design Outcome

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Design Checklist​

  1. Parking spaces and pedestrian zones are clearly distinguished through the use of hard landscaping (concrete, pavers etc.).
  2. Safe, even surfaces with level transitions are provided to accommodate all users​.


Hard landscaping refers to the pavers, concrete, stone, asphalt or any other hard surface finishes that make up a landscaped area. Hard landscapes include plazas and footpaths. 

Different types of hard landscaping can delineate pedestrian zones from vehicle zones, be used to withstand the impact of vehicle traffic, or to direct it through a site.

Well conceived 'hardscape' design can improve the 
appearance and functionality of a project and raise its value.​

Better Design Practice

​Delineate spaces​
  • Surface treatments can be varied to demarcate parking spaces and circulation lanes from pedestrian routes. They can also be used in creative ways to enhance visual appeal.
  • Kerb and channels will separate pedestrian pathways from vehicle zones, and will direct and control stormwater flows.
  • Mountable kerbs can provide these same functions, while allowing for the occasional vehicle manoeuvre to mount the kerb. This can be beneficial if large vehicles are expected on site and are likely to require more manoeuvring space than standard vehicles. Mountable kerbs will sustain traffic impacts better than standard kerbs which may be susceptible to damage from being repeatedly driven over.
  • Pram ramps are an essential provision to facilitate movement of prams, wheelchairs, mobility scooters etc. across kerb edges.​

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