Size the outdoor spaces relative to the number of residents; making sure that these are appropriately landscaped and contain the appropriate facilities, e.g. trees for shade in summer.
Communal outdoor space may be accommodated above the ground floor level, provided that adequate amenity and universal access can be achieved.
Consider providing both communal and private outdoor spaces depending on the type of development and nature of the apartments.
Design communal spaces so there is a clear distinction between any areas designated for servicing (rubbish collection, outdoor washing-drying spaces) and communal amenity spaces.
Use both soft landscaping (trees, shrubs, grass, planted beds etc.) and hard landscaping (paving, furniture, fixtures etc.) to define areas.
Locate outdoor spaces to ensure direct solar access between March and September, and to provide appropriate shading in summer.
Use productive gardens and trees to aid amenity.
Locate ventilation duct outlets from basement car parks to avoid contamination, noise and the loss of amenity of open space.