Mana whenua is a modern concept which is derived from traditional Māori principles for the legitimate claiming and occupation of land, and the rights and obligations that follow that according to tikanga Māori. Mana whenua is derived from the tracing of traditional histories, which provide answers as to how 'mana o te whenua' was established by hapū and iwi in their own right and in relation to others. The concept acknowledges and accommodates changes in occupancy and presence within an area over the passage of time. The concept of owning and claiming land is not a traditional Māori way, rather the group belonged to the land, and they belonged and behaved as tangata whenua.
Today this mana o te whenua and iwi/hapū relationships to the whenua and the mana bestowed is recognised in a contemporary sense by Te Kaunihera o Tāmaki Makaurau (Auckland Council).
In undertaking its local government functions, Te Kaunihera follows the guidance of the Office of Treaty Settlements and officially recognises 19 iwi/hapū as variously Tangata Whenua and Mana Whenua. These iwi or hapū all have representative bodies that hold relationships with central and local government agencies. Statistically, around 11% of the Māori population of Tāmaki Makaurau affiliate to these 19 iwi/hapū.
These 19 iwi/hapū fall within 5 broader tribal confederations, however Te Kaunihera recognises that individual iwi/hapū may also choose to maintain links with more than one of these broader confederations owing to their whakapapa ties. Further detail for each of these 19 iwi/hapū and their representative entities is here.
The recognition of these representative entities does not limit or diminish the mana and place of the communities of ahi kā, of hau kāinga and of kaitiaki across Tāmaki Makaurau who uphold their mana motuhake and kaitiakitanga in place – their place. Mihi atu ki a koutou katoa.
Download Ngā Rōpū Mana Whenua O Tāmaki Makaurau Table