To get more people to use public spaces, it is important that they can be easily reached by users.
To provide safe access to public places, pathways need to be designed in a way that makes their destination clear.
A safe route is one that is direct, has unobstructed visibility, and is legible to users, something that becomes increasingly important when it is dark and visibility decreases.
They should also have multiple entrances and exits and no dead ends, allowing people to move through freely, without being funnelled by their surroundings. Environments that cause users to feel restricted may be perceived as unsafe.
In particular, entrapment spots and movement predictors are red flags for unsafe connections.
Entrapment spots are dead ends or concealed areas where there is limited visibility. Crimes are more likely to occur in these spaces as they are hidden from the eyes of passers-by. To make a route safer, void entrapment spots by eliminating unnecessary setbacks or recessed areas along walkways.
Movement predictors are environments that have limited entrance and exit points, meaning that the movement of people through the space can be predicted. This facilitates crime as people can easily be followed or intercepted along their route.